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Hodgson Russ's Clean and Green Law


Global energy markets are experiencing unprecedented changes creating fundamental challenges to the way the world does business. Within these global markets, the clean energy sector faces unique pressures—and thus opportunities—for companies and investors.

Hodgson Russ’s Clean and Green Law Blog provides analysis, commentary, and resources from all relevant substantive areas of law, including corporate and securities, energy, environmental, finance, intellectual property, real estate, and tax, among others, to help U.S.-based and foreign companies involved in all aspects of renewable energy, green building, and other cleantech industries navigate the unique opportunities and challenges presented by this paradigm shift.

Clean and Green Law is written by a team of Hodgson Russ attorneys experienced in successfully helping startup and mature public and privately held cleantech companies capitalize on incentives and opportunities, assess and mitigate risk to avoid costly litigation, and protect their interests when disputes arise.

Hodgson Russ attorneys also host NYC Cleantech Opportunities, a series of innovative networking events for cleantech entrepreneurs, investors, and industry insiders designed to help generate connections that spark business opportunities, inspire innovation, and drive growth in the cleantech sector. 

Blog Contributors 

Jessica L. Copeland 

Jessica L. Copeland focuses her practice on intellectual property litigation. Her experience includes protecting patents and trademarks in federal and appellate courts and before the International Trade Commission for clients in industries such as medical and mechanical devices, computer software and hardware, pharmaceuticals, telecommunications, and e-commerce technologies. Jessica’s experience in appellate work includes argument before the Federal Circuit. Additionally, she has experience handling the transactional aspects of intellectual property, including drafting and negotiating licenses, preparing and prosecuting trademark applications, preparing opinions, and conducting due diligence investigations.

Alfonzo I. Cutaia

Alfonzo I. Cutaia focuses his practice on patents in the general electrical, software, and mechanical arts, as well as trademark and copyright prosecution. His practice covers a number of technical disciplines, including electronics, software, mobile devices, spintronics, medical devices, dental devices, optics, industrial mechanical systems, and business methods. Prior to joining Hodgson Russ, Al served as an intellectual property assistant for the Office of Science, Technology Transfer, and Economic Outreach at the University at Buffalo. Before attending law school, he worked for 14 years at Electronic Data Systems in technical and managerial roles. At Electronic Data Systems, Al was responsible for software development for engineering systems and client/server development and management. Al also worked for two years as a research and development technician at Eastman Kodak Company.

Joseph N. Endres

Joseph N. Endres counsels clients on a wide range of state and local taxation issues and represents taxpayers in disputes with the New York State Department of Taxation and Finance and the New York City Department of Finance. Joe has also advised clients with respect to various federal and state tax incentive-based programs, such as the federal renewable energy investment and production tax credits, and New York State’s Empire Zone Program (now the Excelsior Program), Brownfield Tax Credit Program, and Historical Building Rehabilitation Tax Credit Program.

Michael J. Hecker

Michael J. Hecker focuses his practice on general environmental law, the environmental aspects of transactions, and regulatory compliance counseling. Mike has assisted regional, national, and international clients with various environmental needs, including counseling clients on a wide range of state and federal environmental issues, assisting clients with regulatory enforcement actions, the drafting and negotiation of environmental agreements and contract provisions, environmental due diligence review, and environmental risk assessment and allocation.

Elizabeth A. Holden

Elizabeth A. Holden has extensive practice in business and commercial real estate development and in real estate aspects of renewable energy projects. Beth provides general contract advice and risk assessment on a variety of transactional issues and contracts, including license agreements, confidentiality agreements, brokerage agreements, and property management agreements. In the area of renewable energy, Beth has performed considerable work on large-scale wind energy projects. Her experience includes drafting and negotiating zoning and municipal agreements on behalf of municipalities; advising developers on project finance structuring, leasing requirements, and securing wind energy development rights; drafting and negotiating land acquisition agreements, title policies, curative documents, and financing agreements; and representing landowners on wind project leases.

Charles W. Malcomb

Charles W. Malcomb focuses his practice on assisting public and private clients with environmental law compliance. He has experience representing both developers and permitting agencies on wind energy and other large-scale renewable energy projects. Such representation involves federal, state, and local environmental statutes and regulations. He also assists municipalities and developers with a wide range of legal issues, including land use, zoning, and New York State Environmental Quality Review Act (SEQRA) reviews. Chuck has experience working through the SEQRA process from the point of view of both the agency and the applicant, and his renewable energy practice includes SEQRA review for utility-scale energy projects.

Paul J. Roman, Jr., Ph.D.

Paul I. Roman, Jr. practices in all areas of intellectual property, with particular emphasis on patent prosecution and related opinion work in the chemical area, and licensing. His areas of focus include inorganic materials, nanomaterials, polymers, biomaterials, chemical processes, analytical methods, biosensing technologies, pharmaceuticals (including small molecules and delivery methods), and food chemistry. Prior to law school, Paul worked as a researcher in the department of chemical engineering at the Georgia Institute of Technology, concentrating on polymers and materials for advanced microelectronics applications. He also worked as a chemist/process engineer for an international manufacturer of specialty chemicals and materials.

Daniel A. Spitzer

Daniel A. Spitzer co-leads Hodgson Russ’s Cleantech Practice Group and concentrates his practice on a variety of issues involving environmental law, renewable energy, sustainable development, land use law, municipal law, and real estate development. His practice involves numerous renewable energy projects, including wind power, landfill, gas-to-energy, biomass, and solar projects, and the representation of municipalities, developers, land owners, and financing entities. Dan’s work includes guiding environmental assessments for large-scale telecommunications projects and renewable energy projects. He also counsels agencies and private clients on compliance with historic preservation laws, the Clean Water Act, the Clean Air Act, and other federal environmental statutes and regulations. He is the author of the “Green Buildings and Sustainable Design” chapter of New York Planning and Zoning Law and is a frequent speaker and writer on development topics.

David M. Stark

David M. Stark concentrates his practice in general business law, including mergers and acquisitions; secured transactions (representing both lenders and borrowers in commercial loan transactions); and in the conveyance, development, financing and leasing of real property. He is also a member of the firm’s Opinion Committee and has experience in all aspects of the opinion practice, including those involved in financing, corporate, and real estate transactions.